The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for the development of lithium-ion batteries.
Goran K. Hansson, secretary-general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, made the announcement on Wednesday. The Nobel in Chemistry is the third prize awarded so far this year. The Nobel in Physiology and Medicine was announced Monday and Physics on Tuesday.
The Academy said that Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin, who was born in 1922 in Germany, is the oldest-ever Nobel laureate. The prize is shared with U.K.-born Whittingham of Birmingham University and Yoshino with Meijo University in Japan.
Past recipients of the prestigious award have included Ernest Rutherford, who won in 1908 for his work on “the disintegration of elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances” and Marie Curie in 1911 for her discovery of the elements radium and polonium. Last year, the award went to Frances H. Arnold “for the directed evolution of enzymes,” and George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter “for the phage display of peptides and antibodies.”
Frederick Sanger, who won in 1958 and 1980 is the only Nobel laureate to have won in Chemistry twice.