Despite the increased deployment of Israeli forces across the Old City of Jerusalem, thousands of Palestinians made their way to the al-Aqsa mosque compound for prayers and protests on Friday over perceived threats to the status quo at the holy site – reopening a hall of the compound that had been closed by Israeli forces for 16 years.
Israeli occupation forces detained at least 60 Palestinians in overnight raids in occupied East Jerusalem between Thursday and Friday, ahead of the demonstration.
Palestinian worshippers and activists have staged regular prayers and protests near the al-Rahmeh gate of the al-Aqsa compound since Sunday, after Israeli forces placed new chains on a fence preventing access to the gate since 2003.
The latest tensions came after members of the Waqf – the Islamic endowment in charge of the holy site whose staff has recently increased – opened the al-Rahmeh Gate to the al-Aqsa Mosque compound on 14 February and prayed in its hall. Israeli forces responded on Sunday by sealing the gate with iron chains.
At least 19 Palestinians had been detained at al-Aqsa earlier in the week during altercations with Israeli forces attempting to break up protests against the new chains. The majority of those detained before Thursday have been released from police custody with bans on returning to al-Aqsa for at least two months.
While Israel wrested control of East Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan in the 1967 war, the Hashemite kingdom has nonetheless retained control over the al-Aqsa compound itself through the Islamic Waqf that administers the holy site.
The status of al-Aqsa has long been a source of tensions between Palestinians and Israelis.
Meanwhile, Palestinians see any attempt by Israel to change the status quo at al-Aqsa and the rest of the Old City of Jerusalem – including its holy sites from other religions – as an attempt to erase Palestinian claims to occupied East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state, as part of a two-state solution.
The increasing number of Israeli settlers touring and praying inside the al-Aqsa compound under police protection – in spite of regulations on non-Muslim worship at the site – have worried the Waqf that Israel may be pushing for the Judaisation of the compound.