The US assassination of Qassem Soleimani, Iran’s top commander, and a number of Iraqi militia leaders, on Friday, represents a significant escalation tantamount to an act of war with grave long-term consequences.
Iran’s volcanic anger will inevitably explode into retaliatory action, as indicated by the statement of the country’s supreme leader, and will undoubtedly target US forces in Iraq.
Viewed from Tehran, this is American rogue behaviour run amok, a blatant act of war with the full blown arrogance of a declining superpower willing to cross any red line, transgress any rule of law, to achieve its hegemonic ends.
When I voted against the war in Iraq in 2002, I feared it would lead to greater destabilization of the region. That fear unfortunately turned out to be true.
The U.S. has lost approximately 4,500 brave troops, tens of thousands have been wounded, and we’ve spent trillions.
— Bernie Sanders (@BernieSanders) January 3, 2020
The timing of the operation is of essence.
For the Trump administration, 2019 ended on a sour note, with the double whammy of an impeachment-induced domestic political crisis and a combustible, dangerous escalation in Iraq that could, in light of this latest development, easily turn 2020 into another year of US war in the Middle East.
With the seeds of such a war firmly planted by unbounded Iranophobia, which is reflected in the unilateral US warfare waged under the rubric of a “maximum-pressure strategy”, its slow but steady manifestation in the Iraqi theatre of conflict has become an inescapable reality.
Locked in a zero-sum competition for influence in Iraq, Washington and Tehran are now on a collision course and, unless prudent diplomacy prevails, a highly unlikely possibility in light of Soleimani’s assassination, the current situation will likely trigger a new military dimension in Trump’s anti-Iran strategy.
Flagrant violation of sovereignty
Some context to this week’s events is useful here.
Coinciding with a joint Iran-Russia-China naval exercise in the Gulf of Oman as a clear indication of Beijing’s and Moscow’s antipathy towards Trump’s anti-Iran policy, last week’s US air strikes on pro-Iran militias in Iraq and Syria have been portrayed as “precision defensive” strikes by the US military in response to the growing threat of pro-Iran forces in the region.
Yet, it is abundantly obvious that these strikes also have geostrategic connotations, in light of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s outreach to leaders in Israel, the UAE and Saudi Arabia immediately after launching the strikes, which were denounced by Iraq and Syria as a flagrant violation of their sovereignty.
With Saudi and UAE officials warming to the notion of a thaw in relations with Iran, Pompeo’s intention is clearly to neutralise that prospect, which runs contrary to US hegemonic interests in the region. The dependency of Gulf Arab states on the US means they are mortgaged to a sustained rivalry with Iran, which is pushing its own peace card in the region while simultaneously upping the ante against US dominance.
Thus, the entire mainstream US media has lined up behind Trump, crediting him with prudent use of force and patting him on the shoulder for putting aside his earlier reservations over use of force. But little of that US media propaganda for a warmongering US policy – which stands in direct violation of international law – washes with the local population in the region, as even the New York Times has admitted that Iraqis across the political spectrum were united in condemnation of the US attacks, which killed and wounded dozens of Iraqis.
As a result, the tables have turned on the US, and no matter how many tweets Trump sends to the Iraqi people exhorting them to direct their anger against Iran, the die has been cast – and the new level of anti-Americanism seen in Iraq today is unlikely to recede anytime soon.
Already, the powerful Sadr faction has called on other Shia political factions to unite to expel the US from Iraqi soil.
As the situation escalates with the killing of both Soleimani and the deputy head of the Popular Mobilisation Units (PMU), it is fair to bet that the US has miscalculated the ramifications of its military action, which has elicited the promise of revenge and retaliation from the Iraqi PMU. The pro-Iran militia will likely freeze or reverse their integration process with the Iraqi armed forces, particularly if they feel Baghdad’s reaction to Trump’s transgression of Iraq’s sovereignty is insufficient.
Right now you have a lot of Americans across the region (as well as US allies) who are feeling pretty vulnerable. Iran’s retaliation will probably be carefully calculated rather than all out, but waiting for it (and any wider fallout) will be nerve-wracking.
— arabist (@arabist) January 3, 2020
The new blow to Washington-Baghdad ties caused by this latest dramatic developments also goes against US national security interests, even though it may serve Trump’s personal interests vis-a-vis impeachment.
In essence, this reflects a bifurcation of interests, whereby Trump may end up inflicting severe damage to US interests abroad by creating an artificial crisis to save his own presidency, wrapping himself in the flag and tapping into the hidden reservoir of American jingoism to neutralise the attrition facing his presidency.
Another Middle East war?
It is difficult to overestimate the grave American error in perpetrating this state-sponsored act of terror that will most likely trigger a deadly cycle of violence exacting many lives.
Nonetheless, it is in the US’s interests to prevent the deepening of the Iraq crisis that it has willfully generated, and yet lacks full control to contain.
Essentially, an outgrowth of the US-Iran crisis has played out inside Iraq, which could escalate well beyond “shadow wars” and the use of proxies, with unpredictable twists that present a clear risk to the thousands of US military personnel in the region – not to mention the health of the global economy, which is tied to the free flow of oil through the Strait of Hormuz.
Playing with fire to shore up his flagging presidency, undermined by the sting of impeachment, Trump is now showing all the symptoms of a trigger-happy president apt to cause another calamitous Middle East war, thus betraying his pledge to avoid getting the US entangled in another conflict.
Sadly, as his misguided policies with respect to both Iran and Iraq clearly show, Trump is not only repeating the impeachment ploy of his predecessor, but he is also on the verge of recycling the errors of the Bush-era wars in the Middle East.
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